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การใช้แบบฟอร์มของคำที่อยู่หลัง “than

สามารถใช้ได้หลายวิธีดังตัวอย่าง

ตัวอย่างที่  1

Fred is tall. Paul is very tall.

A : Paul is taller than

B : Paul is taller than

C : Paul is taller than

D : Paul is taller than

Fred is.

Fred.

he is.

he.

จะใช้  Subject pronoun  หลัง  than  เสมอ ซึ่งจะไม่ใช้  Object pronoun

ตัวอย่างที่  2 ถ้ามีคำที่แสดงความเป็นเจ้าของหลัง  than  เช่น

Lucy’s bag is new.  Bob’s bag is very new.

A : Bob’s bag is newer  than

His bag is newer      than

B : Bob’s bag is newer  than

His bag is newer      than

C : Bob’s bag is newer  than

His bag is newer      than

Lucy’s bag

her bag.  (possessive pro.)

Lucy’s is.

hers is.   (possessive pro.)

Lucy’s.

hers.

 

ตัวอย่างที่  3 ถ้ามีคำประเภท  Demonstrative pronouns  หลัง  than

That bus is fast. This bus is very fast.

A : This bus is faster  than

B : This bus is faster  than

C : This bus is faster  than

D : This bus is faster  than

that bus is.

that bus.

that one.

that one is.

Those buses are fast. These buses are very fast.

A : These buses are faster than

B : These buses are faster than

C : These buses are faster than

those buses are.

those buses.

those.

จากตัวอย่างสังเกตได้ว่า  จะเน้นที่  Demonstrative pronouns  แทนที่จะเน้นที่คำสุดท้าย  หรือคำนาม                ที่ต้องการกล่าวถึง  และจะไม่ใช่  “ones”  ตามหลัง  Demonstrative pronouns  ที่เป็นรูปพหูพจน์  (those, these)

EXERCISE 1

Fill in each blank with the suitable words given below.

Thai         Laotian            fat            cold         fifth

Blue         rainy                        tall           its            tastes

  1. She eats a lot of food every day so she becomes……………………………
  2. Noi was born in Laos and she lives there. She is…………………………….
  3. It is ………………………… in winter.
  4. It often rains in……………………….season in Thailand.
  5. Thanat is 185 cms. ………………………………
  6. The sky is always ………………………………………
  7. The people who lives in Thailand are ……………………………..
  8. The dog broke……………………..leg.
  9. The………………………month of a year as Nat,
  10. The water………………………..so good.

EXERCISE 2

Practice as required.

Example  ;   I’m twenty-two years old. She is too.

=  I’m as old as she is

  1. His house isbig. Hers is too.
  2. This table is two matres That one is too.
  3. My purse weighs 1 kilogramme1. Your purse does too. (heavy)
  4. This pineapple costs one baht. That papaya does too. (cheap)
  5. This ring costs 1,800 baht. That one does too. (expensive)
  6. My mother is five feet two. I am too. (tall)
  7. This building is ten metreshigh. That building is too.
  8. The textbook is 3 inches The dictionary is too.
  9. This ruler is 12 inches long. That ruler is too.
  10. This room is 7 metres wide. That room is too.

EXERCISE 3

Practice as required.

Example ; Pat is fat.  (Johny-Dora)

Johny is fatter.

Dora is the fattest.

  1. February is hot. (March-April)
  2. German food is good.  (English food-Thai food)
  3. Roses are lovely.  (sunflowers-lotuses)
  4. My sister is pretty.  (cousin-niece)
  5. Khate’s shoes are new.  (Nancy’s shoes-Jane’s shoes)
  6. Thai candy is sweet.  (American candy-French candy)
  7. English is interesting.  (Thai-French)
  8. Silver is expensive.  (gold-diamond)
  9. A doctor is nice. (dentist-teacher)
  10. Pitsanuloke is far from Bangkok.  (Chiengmai-Chiengrai)

EXERCISE 4

Practice these exercises  (A, B)  as in the example.

  1. Example  ;   tall  (Fred-Paul)

Fred ia tall.

Paul is very tall.

Paul is taller than Fred is.

  1. Smart  (Sombss-Sam)
  2. Healthy  ( Thimmy-Tumtam)
  3. Young  (Pornthip-Passaraporn)
  4. Windy  (winter-rainy season)
  5. Sunny  (Thailand-Malasia)
  6. Example  ;   hot  (America-Thailand)

America is hot.

Thailand  is very hot.

Thailand is hotter than America.

  1. warm (Bangkok-Udorn)
  2. small  (Australia-Europe)
  3. old  (Lopburi-Sukhothai)
  4. silly  (Jem-Dick)
  5. thin  (you-yourfriend)

EXERCISE 5

Practice these exercises “Group by Group” as in the example.  (A,  B,  C,  D)

  1.     Smiths’ car is new. Thida’s car is very new.

Group A ; Thida’s car is newer than Smiths’ car.

Group B ; Her car is newer than their car.

Practice with these words :

  1. fast                   3. cheap            5.  Big
  2. long            4.  wide
  3.    Susan’s radio is small. Donal’s radio is very small.

Group A ; Donal’s radio is smaller than susan’s is.

Group B ; His radio is smaller than hers is.

Practice with these words :

  1. loud            3.  Nice                    5.  Pretty
  2. good           4  cate
  3.    The Sakulporns’ house is old. Tom’s house is very old.

Group A ; Tom’s house is older than. The Sakulporns.

Group B ; His house is older than theirs.

Practice with these words :

  1. cool            3.  Quiet           5.  Bright
  2. big                    4.  Clean
  3.    That bus is fast. This bus is very fast.

Group A ; This bus is faster than that bus.

Group B ; This bus is faster than that one.

Group C ; This vus is faster than that one is.

Prsctice with those worde ;

  1. cat                    3.  taxi                        5.  Samlor
  2. planes        4.  Motorcycles

EXERCISE 6

Change these sentences into negative.

  1. Today’s as hot as yesterday.
  2. This week’s as rainy as last week.
  3. The southern part of Thailand’s as cold as the northern part.
  4. Korat’s as cool as Chiengmai.
  5. This afternoon’s as sunny as this morning.

EXERCISE 7

Read the following statements. Then make new sentences by using “as many……..as” or

“not as many……….as”.

Example ; John has two sisters. Bill has six sisters.

John hasn’t as many sisters as Bill.

Or       John doesn’t have as many sisters as Bill.

  1. He has five English books. His sister has too.
  2. This radio uses two batteries. That radio uses four.
  3. This city has two dentists. That city has ten.
  4. Peter has two packs of cigarettes. Paul has four.
  5. Aree has two umbrellas. Sunee has three umbrellas.

EXERCISE 8

Read the following sentences. Then make a sentence using “as much………..as” , “not as

much…………as”

Example ; Mary had two pounds of sugar.

Tom had four pounds of sugar.

  1. We drink two glasses of milk. The man drinks two glasses of milk.
  2. My mother had one bowl of soup. My father had two bowls of soup.
  3. Yesterday I drank four glasses of water. My sister drank four glasses of water.
  4. Margaret ate one bowl of rice. I ate two bowls of rice.
  5. Sunee ate two ears of corn. Somsak ate four ears of corn.

EXERCISE 9

Practice the following as needed.

  1. He had………………….suits…………………….you did
  2. He ate………………….Thai food…………………….you did
  3. He played………………….tennis…………………….you did
  4. He had………………….friends…………………….you did
  5. He drank………………….beer…………………….you did
  6. He broke………………….dishes…………………….you did
  7. He had………………….cars…………………….you did
  8. He drank………………….coffee…………………….you did
  9. He had………………….fun…………………….you did
  10. He had………………….A’s…………………….you did

EXERCISE 10

Fill in the blanks with the correct comparative form which is suitable for each sentence.

  1. Women usually cry……………………….men.               (easy)
  2. Women usually speak……………………….men.          (gentle)
  3. Women become……………………….men.                   (shy)
  4. Women usually get up……………………….men.          (early)
  5. Men usually speak……………………….women.           (loud)
  6. Women dance……………………….men.                              (graceful)
  7. Men laugh……………………….women.                                (hearty1)
  8. Women smile……………………….men.                                (sweet)
  9. Men sometimes drive a car……………………….women.      (good)
  10. Men sometimes feel……………………….women.         (serious)

INTEGRATED EXERCISE

Choose the correct word in the parentheses.

  1. This is (quieter, quiet, the quietest) street in our town.
  2. I live in Korat and my cousin lives in Ayudhya. I live (farther from Bangkok than, the farthest from Bangkok, as far from Bangkok as) my cousin.
  3. I like many kinds of fruit, but I like durian (less than, the least, as little as).
  4. He is (selfish, more important than, the most important) King Rama II.
  5. King Rama V is (important, more important than, the most important) King Rama II.
  6. A car, a bus and a tour bus, a tour bus is (comfortable, more comforta the most comfortable of all.
  7. Nothing goes (wrong, wronger wrongest) in my idea.
  8. The sun appears (bright, brighter than, the brightest, brightly).
  9. My hat is (differ, differ from, different from, different) yours.
  10. This man is intelligent. That man is very intelligent. This man is (more intelligent than, less intelligent than, the least intelligent. The most intelligent) than one.
  11. The man can walk (as quick as, quicker than, quickly than, more quickly then) the woman.
  12. We can not eat that cake, It’s (to, too) sweet.
  13. The (tall, taller, tallest) boy in you class in Noppadol.
  14. April is (hot, hotter, hotter than, the hottest) month in a year.
  15. (The best, Better, Good) student in M.3 is Pirom.

ANSWER KEY

EXERCISE 1

  1. fat
  2. Laotian
  3. Cold
  4. Rainy
  5. Tall
  6. Blye
  7. Thai
  8. Its
  9. Fifth
  10. tastes
EXERCISE 2

  1. His house is as big as hers is.
  2. This table is as long as that one is.
  3. My purse weighs as heavy as your purse does.
  4. This pineapple costs as cheap as that papaya does.
  5. This ring costs as expensive as that one does.
  6. My mother is as tall as I am.
  7. This building is as high as that one (building) is.
  8. The textbook is as thick as the dictionary is.
  9. This ruler is as long as that one (ruler) is.
  10. This room is as wide as that one (room) is.

 

EXERCISE 3

  1. March is hotter.

April is the hottest.

  1. English food is better.

Thai food is the best.

  1. Sunflowers are lovelier.

Lotuses are the loveliest.

  1. My cousin is prettier.

My niece is the prettiest.

  1. Nancy’s shoes are newer.

Jane’s shoes are the newest.

  1. American candy is sweeter.

French candy is the sweetest.

  1. Thai is more interesting.

French is the most interesting.

  1. Gold is more expensive.

Diamond is the most expensive.

  1. A dentist is nicer.

A teacher is the nicest.

  1. Chiengmai is farther (further)

from Bangkok.

Chiengrai is the farthest (furthest) from Bangkok.

EXERCISE 4

  1.   1.       Sombat is smart.

Sam is very smart.

Sam is smarter than sombat is.

  1. Timmy is healthy.

Tumtam is very healthy.

Tumtam is healthier than Timmy is.

  1. Pornthip is young.

Pasaraporn is very young.

Pasaraporn is younger than Pornthip.

  1. Winter is windy.

Rainy season is very windy.

Rainy season is windier than winter.

  1. Thailand is sunny.

Malasia is very sunny.

Malasia is sunnier than Thailand.

  1. 1.       Bangkok is warm. Udorn is very warm.

Udorn is warmer than Bangkok.

  1. Australia is small. Europe is very small.

Europe is smaller than Australia.

  1. Lopburi is old. Sukhothai is very old.

Sukhothai is older than lopburi.

  1. Jim is silly. Dick is very silly.

Dick is sillier than Jim.

  1. You are thin. Your friend is very thin.

Your friend is thinner than you.

 

EXERCISE 5

  1.   1.       Smiths’ car is fast. Thida’s car is very fast.

Group A ; Thida’s car is faster than Smiths’car.

Group B ; Her car is faster than their car.

  1. Smiths’ car is long. Thida’s car is very long.

Group A ; Thida’s car is longer than Smiths’car.

Group B ; Her car is longer than their car.

  1. Smiths’ car is cheap. Thida’s car is very cheap.

Group A ; Thida’s car is cheaper than Smiths’car.

Group B ; Her car is cheaper than their car.

  1. Smiths’ car is wide. Thida’s car is very wide.

Group A ; Thida’s car is wider than Smiths’car.

Group B ; Her car is wider than their car.

  1. Smiths’ car is big. Thida’s car is very big.

Group A ; Thida’s car is bigger than Smiths’car.

Group B ; Her car is bigger than their car.

  1. 1.       Susan’s radio is loud. Donal’s radio is very loud.

Group A ; Danal’s radio is louder than Susan’s is.

Group B ; His radio is louder than hers is.

  1. Susan’s radio is good. Donal’s radio is very good.

Group A ; Danal’s radio is better than Susan’s is.

Group B ; His radio is better than hers is.

  1. Susan’s radio is nice. Donal’s radio is very nice.

Group A ; Danal’s radio is nicer than Susan’s is.

Group B ; His radio is nicer than hers is.

  1. Susan’s radio is cute. Donal’s radio is very cute1.

Group A ; Danal’s radio is cuter than Susan’s is.

Group B ; His radio is cuter than hers is.

  1. Susan’s radio is pretty. Donal’s radio is very pretty.

Group A ; Danal’s radio is prettier than Susan’s is.

Group B ; His radio is prettier than hers is.

 

  1. 1.       The Sakulporns’ house is cool. Tom’s house is very big.

Group A ; Tom’s house is cooler than The Sakulporns’.

Group B ; His house is cooler than theirs.

  1. The Sakulporns’ house is big. Tom’s house is very big.

Group A ; Tom’s house is bigger than The Sakulporns’.

Group B ; His house is bigger than theirs.

  1. The Sakulporns’ house is quiet. Tom’s house is very big.

Group A ; Tom’s house is quieter than The Sakulporns’.

Group B ; His house is quieter than theirs.

  1. The Sakulporns’ house is clean. Tom’s house is very big.

Group A ; Tom’s house is cleaner than The Sakulporns’.

Group B ; His house is cleaner than theirs.

  1. The Sakulporns’ house is bright. Tom’s house is very big.

Group A ; Tom’s house is brighter than The Sakulporns’.

Group B ; His house is brighter than theirs.

  1.   1.       Group A ; This car is faster than that car.

Group B ; This car is faster than that one.

Group C ; This car is faster than that one is.

  1. Group A ; These planes are faster than those planes.

Group B ; These planes are faster than those.

Group C ; These planes are faster than those planes are.

  1. Group A ; This taxi is faster than that taxi.

Group B ; This taxi is faster than that one.

Group C ; This taxi is faster than that one is.

  1. Group A ; These motorcycles are faster than those motorcycles.

Group B ; These motorcycles are faster than those.

Group C ; These motorcycles are faster than those motorcycles are.

  1. Group A ; This samlor is faster than that samlor.

Group B ; This samlor is faster than that one.

Group C ; This samlor is faster than that one is.

 

EXERCISE 6

  1. Today isn’t as hot as yesterday.
  2. This week isn’t as rainy as last week.
  3. The southern part of Thailand isn’t as cold as the northern part.
  4. Korat isn’t as cool as Chiengmai.
  5. This afternoon isn’t as sunny as this morning.

 

EXERCISE 7

  1. He has as many English books as his sister.
  2. This radio does not use as many batteries as that one (that radio)
  3. This city hasn’t as many dentists as that one (that city).
  4. This city hasn’t as many dentists as that one (that city)./

This city doesn’t have as many dentists as that one.

  1. Aree hasn’t as many umbrellas as Sunee. / Aree doesn’t have as many umbrellas. As Sunee

 

EXERCISE 8

  1. We drink as much milk as the man.
  2. My mother didn’t have as much soup as my father.
  3. Yesterday I drank as much water as my sister.
  4. Margaret didn’t eat as much rice as.
  5. Sunee didn’t eat as much corn as Somsak.

 

EXERCISE 9

  1. As many-as / more than
  2. As much-as / more than
  3. As much-as / more than
  4. As many-as / more than
  5. As much-as / more than
  6. As many-as / more than
  7. As many-as / more than
  8. As much-as / more than
  9. As much-as / more than

10.As many-as / more than

EXERCISE 10

  1. more easily than
  2. morn gentlely than
  3. shyer than
  4. earlier than
  5. more loudly than
  6. more gracefully than
  7. geartier than
  8. more sweetly than
  9. better than

10.more serious than

INTEGRATED EXERCISE

  1. the quietest
  2. farther from Bangkok than
  3. the least
  4. more selfish than
  5. more important than
  6. the most comfortable
  7. wrong
  8. bright
  9. different from

10.less intelligent than

11.more quickly than

12.too

13.tallest

14.the hottest

15.The best

 

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เรียบเรียงโดย อ.กษิรา เดโชพุทธิโภคิน (โรงเรียนอุดมดรุณี จ.สุโขทัย)